Introduction to Jharkhand

Jharkhand is one of the 29 states of India and one of the 8 new states formed on 15 November 2000. It has been carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000, along with 2 other adjacent districts from Bihar, namely Bokaro and Chatra. The state capital is Ranchi and the largest city is Jamshedpur.


Located in northeastern India, Jharkhand has an area of 79,710 square kilometers (30,778 square miles). The state’s border with Bihar and West Bengal states is formed by the Damodar River. The Chota Nagpur Plateau covers most of southern Jharkhand. Rivers originating in these areas are important tributaries of the Son River. A large percentage of land in Jharkhand is forested or mountainous and less than 40 percent is cultivated. Ranchi, located on a plateau at an elevation of 1,000 meters (3,300 feet), is the capital city. It was founded by Birsa Munda during a famine in 1823.


The state of Jharkhand is situated in Eastern India. The best thing about is its culture. It is truly amazing, with a mix of Hindu, Muslim, and Christian elements. They all have contributed to building an age-old cultural heritage with no rivalry whatsoever. In fact, they even celebrate each other’s festivals with equal vigor and merriment! Apart from these festivals, there are also many tribal fairs that are organized throughout the year in every district of Jharkhand. These fairs are popularly known as Melas or Rassias (Marriage Festivals). Tribal people perform rituals like making idols out of clay or wood; their performances involve their special arts like dancing and singing which make these melas very interesting!


The history of Jharkhand is very old. Before the 15th century, it was ruled by many people including Marathas, Magadh Empire, and the Mughals. The capital was shifted from Chhatarpur to Ranchi in 1600 and also headquarters of Central Coalfields Limited (CCL) was set up here in 1916 by the British. In 1936, Orissa’s Kalahandi region became a part of the Chota Nagpur division and merged with it again in 1949 after Indian independence.


Jharkhand is a state in eastern India, carved out of Bihar on 15 November 2000. It was formed by partitioning Bihar state and is currently one of 29 states in India. The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi. The first six years were a period of drought, natural calamities, and social unrest. In October 2005, it became a union territory before converting into a state in December 2008. In 2011, its population was 20 million; the second-smallest among Indian states (after Goa). Jharkhand has mineral resources and reserves, especially coal and mica.


It is one of India’s poorest states, though there has been some progress on that front recently with a couple of large mining and industrial projects being approved. The state is rich in minerals, most notably coal and iron ore. Tourism holds potential as well, especially in its tribal villages. Still, it lags behind other Indian states in terms of per capita income and average income levels are extremely low compared to even neighboring Bihar.