Gujarat is India’s 3rd Largest State
Gujarat is one of the 29 states of India. It was created on May 1, 1960, as the 17th state in India. Gujarat’s official language is Gujarati; it’s also spoken in neighboring states such as Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Goa. The capital city of Gujarat, Gandhinagar was inaugurated on April 20, 1970, and relocated from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar after Gujarat was split into two separate states in the year 1960.
Gujarat has a population of 60,383,628 as per Census 2011. It has grown by 8.0% in the past decade which is about 4.4% higher than the growth rate of India during the 2001-2011 period. The density of population in Gujarat is 258 persons per square kilometer which rank 15th in India. As per sex ratio, Gujarat has 908 females for every 1000 males and ranks 11th among states having a Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years) of 918 girls for every 1000 boys whereas the national average stands at 904 girls for every 1000 boys.
Gujarat Urban Population: Urban population makes up 38% of the total Gujarat population. 38% of people live in urban areas while 62% reside in rural areas according to Census 2011 figures at the all-India level.
Summer in Gujarat lasts from March to June and is followed by the monsoon season. During summer, the temperature can reach 41 degrees Celsius or more. The monsoon season generally lasts from July to September, with precipitation occurring every day during that period. The highest rainfall totals occur in Saurashtra, while coastal areas receive average precipitation of 25 inches or less.
The Winter months are mild and dry with temperatures ranging between 10 and 27 degrees Celsius. January through February is considered cool months with an average daily maximum temperature of 19 degrees Celsius and a minimum temperature of 6 degrees Celsius. Weather is usually pleasant during these months, although there can be occasional cold spells in northern parts of Gujarat
The population of Gujarat state of India as per the 2011 census stands at 62,383,386. The population growth rate recorded during 1991-2001 was 21.85 percent. Out of the total population, 6.23 million are Scheduled Castes and 23.20 million are Scheduled Tribes in the Gujarat state of India as per 2001 census reports. The sex ratio in the Gujarat state of India as per the 2011 census stands at 919 females per 1000 males.
Gujarat Languages Spoken
Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language that originated in Gujarat. Gujarati is largely mutually intelligible with Hindi, and it also has some similarities with Marathi. Most speakers of Gujarati can understand spoken Hindi, while most speakers of Hindi can understand Gujarati to some degree. In 1995, a standardized ruleset was published by SAARC for writing native languages such as Gujarati in Roman script, known as Sarnálīy. Around 43% of India’s population speaks languages derived from Sanskrit and they are spoken across most of North and Central India; you’ll notice them used especially around high Hindu population areas.
Popular Gujarati Dishes
With a long coastline, Gujaratis eat lots of seafood. Macher Jhol (fish curry) and Patra ni Macchi (mackerel cooked in spices), are two very popular dishes. Tadka Dal, a lentil dish with onion, garlic, and ginger added for extra taste, is also extremely popular. Dal bafla and dhokla are very famous vegetarian dishes from Gujarat. Sabudana vada or sago fritters are another favorite Gujarati snack made from tapioca pearls soaked in water overnight and then deep-fried in oil.
Places to Visit in Gujarat
Gujarat has some of India’s most important Hindu pilgrimage sites. Somnath temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, was sacked and destroyed numerous times by foreign invaders before being rebuilt each time. There are also many famous Jain temples in Gujarat, such as Palitana Temples which are spread out over 36 hills. Don’t miss to visit Gir Forest National Park while you plan your trip to Gujarat; The Asiatic Lion roams in large numbers here. Beaches with golden sands and placid waters line up around Kutch and Junagadh. Explore its mysterious forts or just relax on its beaches.