Chandigarh – The Capital of India’s Punjab State
If you’re heading to Punjab, India, you won’t want to miss visiting Chandigarh, the capital of the state and home to some of the most visited sites in the region. Nestled between the foothills of the Shivalik Mountains and the plains of Punjab, Chandigarh has been an architectural marvel since its creation back in 1947; and continues to draw tourists from all over the world to marvel at its modern architecture even today. This guide on Chandigarh will help you get around and explore this fascinating city while you’re in Punjab.
Chandigarh is a union territory and a state in northern India. It serves as the capital city of both Haryana and Punjab states, as well as the Union Territory (UT) administered by the Union Government. Chandigarh is bordered by the states of Himachal Pradesh to the north-west, and Uttar Pradesh to the south-east; while Rajasthan lies to its south-west. On three sides it is surrounded by Haryana, on one side it is bounded by Rajasthan. The first planned city in independent India, Chandigarh also served as the capital for two periods in history when Delhi was under British occupation during the Indian independence movement struggle.
Chandigarh is a planned city in northern India that serves as the capital for two states: Haryana and Punjab. Chandigarh was designed by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier and developed by Indian public works departments with the aim to replace New Delhi as the capital. Chandigarh was declared capital on 1 November 1966, and officially inaugurated on 15 January 1970. Chandigarh is ranked 8th among cities with the best quality of life in India by a survey conducted by IMRB International in 2011. This city has been selected as one of the top ten smart cities in India under the Smart Cities Mission launched by the Government of India.
Chandigarh is home to around 65,000 people, who mainly speak Punjabi and Hindi. The city attracts a number of tourists every year as it is rich in heritage and culture. Chandigarh has a temperate climate with cold winters from October to February and warm summers from April-July. It experiences rains during the monsoon season, which are heavy but brief in nature.
Chandigarh is an economically strong city in northern India. With a per capita income of around $7,500 (₹500,000), Chandigarh is a growing industrial and financial center in northern India. It is currently home to approximately 75% of companies registered with the National Stock Exchange. The city contributes more than 50% to total exports from North East Region with huge potential for growth. Chandigarh has a number of multinational corporations such as HCL, Nestle, HSBC Holdings PLC., Gati Limited which have either invested or opened their branches here. Other corporate majors that have a large presence here are ICICI Bank, IDBI Bank Ltd., Crompton Greaves Limited, and Maruti Suzuki Hyundai Limited among others.
Chandigarh is home to many universities and colleges. A few government-run colleges are P.A.C. College, Chandigarh; Government College for Women, Chandigarh; Dayanand College, Sector 10-D, Chandigarh; Govt Post Graduate College (Formerly Shaheed Bhagat Singh Degree College), Chandighar; Govt Engineering College, Sector 16-B, Chandighar; Chitkara University Campus at sector 17A in the city.
Places to visit in Chandigarh
The main attraction in Chandigarh is Rock Garden. This is a garden with sculptures crafted from various waste materials by sculptor Nek Chand, who began work on it in 1958 and continued for 22 years. He has since been honored with numerous awards and titles, including an award from UNESCO for his creative abilities. In addition to Chandigarh itself, there are several places nearby that make good day trips: Nada Sahib Gurdwara: Not far from Chandigarh is a temple dedicated to one of Guru Gobind Singh’s sons, who was assassinated by Sikh rivals along with two other sons. There are many beautiful paintings here depicting Sikh history as well as statues and shrines to important figures in Sikhism.