The Indian State of Assam
The Indian state of Assam is located in the northeast corner of the country, sharing borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar. It’s known as the gateway to India because of its key location on the Bay of Bengal, and it’s the birthplace of many great Indian leaders, including Atal Bihari Vajpayee, former Prime Minister; Sarat Chandra Bose, freedom fighter; Syama Prasad Mookerjee, founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh; and Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, musician, and composer. There are many fun facts about Assam you may not know!
A brief history
The history of Assam is ancient and begins with evidence of human settlements since prehistoric times. Several royal dynasties ruled over Assam until 1826 when it became a part of British India. In 1911, Bengal was partitioned, and Assam became a province within the state of Eastern Bengal and Assam. The Government divided most parts of present-day Bangladesh into West Pakistan during that time. In 1947, East Bengal became independent from British rule and joined India while West Pakistan remained in Pakistan which caused an upheaval leading to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
Why you should visit
The incredible natural beauty that is Assam makes it a prime destination for adventure enthusiasts. This north-eastern state has an abundance of tea gardens, wildlife sanctuaries, and river valleys. There’s also Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary where visitors can see endangered animals such as elephants, rhinos, and tigers. This state is also home to Kaziranga National Park and Orang National Park which house large populations of Asian elephants and rhinoceros. These parks account for 90% or more Asian elephants remaining in Asia today.
Other animals found here include tigers, wild buffaloes, leopards, crocodiles, marsh muggers, and gharial crocodiles. We guarantee you won’t be disappointed by all there is to see and do in Assam – so what are you waiting for? Pack your bags and go!
What makes it unique
A majority of people residing in Assam are Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs with a small Christian minority. Tea is one of its main industries. It’s also one of only a few states that are part of India’s Tea Belt.
What are the best ways to spend time there?
Assam, India is one of those places that’s just waiting to be explored. For example, you can learn about traditional Assamese culture by visiting Dighali Pukhuri, or better yet why not wander through Nilachal Hill? Or perhaps another area you should consider visiting is Kaziranga National Park—you could spend days exploring everything it has to offer. While in Assam, India it’s also a good idea to visit Sibsagar District and Sivasagar district.
How to get there
There are multiple options for getting to Assam. By train, it’s a 12-hour journey from Kolkata, New Delhi, or Chennai. By air, it’s a three-hour flight from Kolkata or five hours from Delhi. From Guwahati, you can easily reach everywhere in Assam using buses and trains. The trip to Kaziranga National Park will take around eight hours and runs through scenic grasslands and tea plantations before hitting dense forest along riverbanks where the animals roam freely.
Where to stay while in Assam?
Whether you’re traveling for business or pleasure, you will want to consider staying in a hotel or resort while visiting Assam. Because it is one of India’s lesser-known regions, there are fewer hotels and resorts than those in other popular areas, but there are still several options available. The best accommodations can be found in the capital city Guwahati, including The Palace and Hotel Astoria. If you have time for only one trip outside of Guwahati during your stay, however, make sure to visit Cherrapunji and explore every inch that is home to India’s most important natural heritage site: Langshiang Falls.
A few must-visit attractions in this state
Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Namdapha National Park, Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Nameri National Park, and Bhutanese Refugee Self-Help Centre. If you love trekking then you will surely enjoy a trip to these places as they offer exciting trekking trails. You can also opt for boating and river rafting along with bird watching in some areas. The best part is that most of these are located very close to Guwahati so you can easily explore them when you travel to Assam. When planning your travel itinerary to Guwahati city then make sure that you include visits to Kaziranga national park.