An Introduction to Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 28 states of India and is the northeastern-most state of the country. It holds the most northeastern position among all the states in the northeast region of India. Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to its south and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and China in the north.
Key facts and figures
During British rule, what is now Arunachal Pradesh was administered as a Chief Commissioner’s province. In 1913, it became a district of undivided Assam. The Lohit Frontier Division was formed in 1914 and renamed Lower Subansiri in 1936. It was then constituted as a deputy commissioner’s province in 1944 and was placed under an Assam official for 30 years before being turned over to Arunachal leader Apung Tagak. Arunachals’ first MLA from the Pakke-Kessang constituency was Tage Taki, who won in 1955-57 under the supervision of chief minister Padi Richo.
Mineral deposits worth US$ 46 billion have been identified in Arunachal Pradesh, with major deposits of titanium ore, copper, bauxite, limestone, and iron ore. There are also many species of precious and semi-precious stones such as garnet sandstone. Exotic timbers like sal and teak are found in abundance here. The Government has taken several initiatives to boost infrastructure development in Arunachal through industrial parks and economic zones with infrastructure connectivity by roads and railways.
Transport in Arunachal Pradesh
Roads in Arunachal Pradesh are not well maintained and there is only one operational railway line connecting Assam to Naharlagun. It takes about a day for a truck to reach Tawang from Guwahati through NH 415. The road between Naharlagun and Tawang is closed due to heavy snowfall during the winter season, generally from December to April.
Education in Arunachal Pradesh
The state government operates most schools in Arunachal Pradesh. Schools are affiliated with CBSE up to junior high level or ICSE for secondary school level. Schools are run by private organizations, religious institutions, and individuals. Some of them use English as a medium of instruction; others use the Assamese or Tibetan language. Instruction is mainly in English or Hindi, depending on whether it is a public or private school. Secondary education has been made compulsory since 1994.
Arts and Culture in Arunachal Pradesh
Festivals, music, and dance are all integral parts of the culture in Arunachal Pradesh. Some festivals relate to the agricultural cycle, some to historical legends and myths. Dance is also an integral part of cultural practices, with one form performed only by women at a time (as another is only for men). Music varies greatly from one place to another but generally tends towards simple harmony structures instead of complex rhythm patterns. Most instruments are local versions of those found elsewhere in India, but you’ll find more traditional styles as well as Chinese musical instruments like erhu and dizi here as well. Some highly unique forms include cham-cham (percussion with dancers) and shawl-dance (performance art with long fabric strips).
Media in Arunachal Pradesh
The Arunachal Pradesh media landscape has grown in recent years with newspapers now being published in Itanagar, Naharlagun, and Pasighat. Furthermore, a host of new FM radio stations and more cable TV providers have come up. The presence of government-owned All India Radio is also very strong with almost 30 medium waves (AM) transmitters across all districts (except East Siang), apart from Doordarshan. However, there is a paucity of trained media professionals in these areas—there is only one college offering mass communication courses at present.
Religion in Arunachal Pradesh
Hinduism is followed by 54.13% of Arunachal Pradesh’s population, with Christianity being practiced by 28.38%, and Islam forming 18.01%. There are also a number of people who either follow local religions or do not practice any religion at all. Although Hindi is spoken by most people in Arunachal Pradesh, there are eighteen different languages that have been recognized as the official languages of India (languages that have been given a certain degree of national recognition). This means that seventeen different languages are officially recognized in Arunachal Pradesh alone.